Walk beside him, teach him to obey, sit down and keep his distance when the owner walks away. They are the four keys to a good training for a dog as powerful as one of the Canarian prey breed, such as the one that this week ended the life of Olga JR, 53, as a result of the bites of his animal on a farm in El Molar (Madrid). "We are not talking about any dog, you have to have control over them," explains Clemente Reyes, secretary of the Dog Club of Presa Canario and a breed specialist, for whom the majority of incidents that occur with these dogs are due to a bad animal education "The environment and the education in which they are raised is essential. If the owners have rude the dog, these defects can arise at any time," explains Reyes.
The death of Olga J.R. He has recovered the debate about the danger of dogs classified as potentially dangerous (PPP). Antonio Martel, technical director of the club, is cautious when talking about the event. "You have to investigate and analyze the conditions in which the dog was and if the owner could give him an inappropriate treatment, but if it is shown that the dog attacked him, it would be normal to sacrifice the animal," he says. "We do not know what happened in this case, but 99% of the time, the incidents occur due to the owner's action or omission," adds Reyes, who points out that the animal acts by primal instinct. "It does not move the evil or the inquina", assures the secretary of the Club.
The law requires owners a series of requirements to own a dog with the characteristics of a Canarian prey. "They must pass a series of tests to obtain a license, which requires having a set of physical and psychic conditions to be able to have such a dog and be exempt from criminal records," explains Reyes.
Martel regrets the bad press that these dogs have for their appearance. "We should not talk about breeds, we should talk about canine behavior in general and no dog is exempt from aggression," explains coach, for whom a determining factor the bad character of animals is the breeding of puppies by non-professional people. "From the inappropriate crossings come copies with a much stronger character and more difficult to control," says the technician, who demands more regulation for breeders of this type of dogs. "It is necessary to have a training area with adequate conditions and minimal knowledge to raise them. Breeders should be advised," he adds.
The Ideal Canary Dam
The ideal dog breed does not exist (nor the custom-made dog), except in the movies, the dog that serves everything, which understands everything, anticipating even the wishes of its master, saving the child from the wreck, the unaware of being hit by the car of an irresponsible driver, preventing us from stealing how much value we have in the house, the jewels, in short, that brings the shoes to the living room to avoid the trouble of going to look for them in the bedroom, is a cinematographic camelo that has greatly influenced the credible minds.
Therefore, it is worth saying that the ideal Canarian Prey Dog does not exist, we have a racial pattern in which the dog is described, and in section 2 we read, "Its appearance is of extraordinary power. Severe look. Especially gifted to the function of guard and defense .. Of firm temperament. Serious and deep bark. He is noble and meek in family and distrustful of strangers ". In essence, here we have the robot portrait of the can of canary prey. Needless to say, this is the ideal to be achieved, not the real dam, how? By selecting the most suitable. "But not all Canarian prisoners have these qualities? The profane will ask." Not everyone, not most, and let's see why. At the beginning of the 70s we began the reconstruction of the race, the ideas were apparently clear, we had to raise a strong, rustic, massive, functional dam, with a strong guardian instinct and strong temperament, balanced, calm but arrogant, and very territorial . That was the project - it is still my project that I try not to tear myself away from. But it is that the Breed Standard says that this is the dog, you can object with reason. And I, in turn, say yes, that this is what is read in the Standard, but the reality, the psychic qualities - the guardian instinct is a psychic quality - in most of the Canarian dams is quite absent. When the standard of the Presa Canario was elaborated there were very few copies and of little value from any point of view that we analyzed them, and none that fit the description that is made of it, therefore refers to an ideal to be achieved and not to a collective of real uniform prisoners, with a constant genetics that passes from parents to children with little variation. No, the diversity of types and behaviors in the Presa Canario was - and continues to be - great, due to the crossings that have been made with different races over the course of twenty-five years. In previous articles, I have referred in detail to the different dog breeds that have been used throughout that time in order to obtain Canarian prey. Some of these races have contributed the moloso type, although they suffered from the lack of temperament and guard instinct desired. As a result of these crossings, most of the individuals awarded at the exhibitions since the CEPPC was founded until today, which contradicts the fragment of the standard transcribed above. It has been the Majorero Cattle Dog that has given the breed the maximum qualities. But beware, not all Canarian prisoners today have this genuinely Canarian breed in their genetic heritage. In the dams of Gran Canaria yes, in those of Tenerife, excluding those of IREMA CURTУ, and some more, no. Hence, many Canarian prisoners with a significant percentage of blood from the Majorera race are optimal guardians, with a pronounced territorial instinct. The biggest problem for these prisoners is the official status, or what is the same, the specialized judges of the Club, who are entirely breeders and raise, regardless of redundancy, the other type, in which the German Bulldog, the Bullmastiff predominates , the English Bulldog, etc. And as the monographic and the special ones of the race they have been judging these judges. Hence the winners of the special exhibitions, the monographic, and the champions of Spain, saving one or two exceptions.
The Majorero Cattle Dog, the genuine one, almost extinct in our days due to the abandonment and miscegenation product of chance, is the base, the ideal raw material to carry out the Canary Dam as a functional animal, and to the extent that it predominates in it , with the appropriate selection, generation after generation, the guardian instinct will be guaranteed, if the opposite will remain in a mere and vulgar dog of exposure without any future.
The Majorero Cattle Dog has everything, constant genetics, rusticity, and therefore resistance to diseases and inclement weather, guardian instinct, does not require any training to defend its territory, and its courage and security in the attack do not have parangуn.
їIs that as you say ?, I asked an amateur to the canary dams of Madrid. That's right, don't doubt it, they answered. So why have life complicated with prey and did not focus on the recovery of the Majorero Cattle Dog? Madrid left me speechless with its logic. At that time I did not know what to answer. However, for some time now I have an idea formed about it, that if the gods give me life I will break them up in another article.
As most of the Canarian dams, without significant genetic concentration of Perro Majorero, did not give the desired result in guard, defense and attack, some breeders saw the open sky with American staffords and pit bulls - some, few, also they have used the Bullterrier, and some list of Gran Canaria the Fila Brasileiro, of which there are mestizos in the USA. and somewhere else on earth, and everyone with papers was missing more. I have carefully observed some of these specimens, and I have tried more than one. Because of their behavior, regardless of their physical appearance, I can say that they have nothing to do with the ideal one pursues. They are, these dogs, obsessive bites, unable to live with domestic animals, very active, too much if we compare them with the Canarian Dam that has often been described to us by the elderly peasants who had them in their country houses. Let us not forget that the dogs of prey of yesteryear were versatile, guarded, defended, accompanied the cattle to the pastures and guarded it, etc. "
Those dams, those on earth, were more serious, less friends of games, much more suspicious of strangers. And they were silent, little barking, and their barking was something like cavernous, serious. And they didn't bite for no real reason. His simple presence and snoring was more than enough to deter any stranger. And with dogs he didn't joke, "I wrote in 1985. The way they were raised, the environment in which they developed since birth would undoubtedly condition their behavior in a particular way.
Uniformity in Behavior
For some time now, there is much talk, at all levels, about the lack of racial uniformity in the Canarian Presa Dog. This question was the first to raise it, and I was accused of everything, and from the first moment I denounced the indiscriminate crossings with all kinds of dogs and the thing got out of hand. But more serious, much more serious than the lack of racial uniformity, in terms of its external appearance, is the lack of uniformity in behavior. In direct relation with the dog in question, I like to use the Pure Blood English horse as an example. Today nobody questions the racial purity of that horse. How did it come about? By selecting the best ones for the races, and what were the best ones, the fastest ones, the ones that came first, period. Today, and for a long time, the Pure English Blood is the racehorse par excellence, and not only that, it is one of the best for dressage, for jumping, etc., and as an improvement only the Purebred Blood it can be compared, which by its origins largely descends. The Pure English Blood has never been selected for its outward appearance using a standard guide a priori elaborated, no, and there is the result. Regarding the Canarian Prey Dog, I think that the only valid formula for its improvement as a functional animal is the detailed observation of the behavior of the specimens that arouse the greatest interest in us thinking about the farm. From these we take for granted that your morphoenotype should be the most correct, your healthy hips, your optimal psychic balance, the same as your temperament, and then pay special attention to your guardian instinct. From puppy (if he is raised properly, that is, if he is a child he lives in an open environment with the minimum of clippers, barriers, walls, insulating fences, which ultimately play a protective role for the puppy giving him security, preventing consequently that his instinct of self-protection wakes up) until he reaches the year or a year and a half we will have plenty of time to assess his qualities as a guard and defense dog and if it is valid or not and from there we will consider whether or not to introduce it in our plan of baby Very important to consider is the quality of their ancestors in that direction, at least in three or four generations. The genetic inheritance is what rules. Let's not expect good products from mediocre or bad parents.
It is convenient not to overlook something that is often confused, and it is temperament with a guardian instinct. These are two qualities, which translate into behaviors, different (in part). Take an example, there are many American Pit Bull Terrier and American Staffordshire Terrier that respond very well in attack training, chase, etc. to those who fail the guard instinct, and that has an explanation, these dogs were selected in and for the fight exclusively, never for the guard and defense, which does not mean that some individuals of these two races ( few) in certain circumstances they behave like excellent guardians. There are canary prey dogs that properly worked work well in civil training, but they do not serve as guard dogs, and what interests us most in the Canary Presa is the guardian instinct, without depreciating the rest of the qualities mentioned, that without No doubt they are very important.
14 feb The training of the Dog of Presa Canario.
From Piba and Boby I raised a puppy, which I named Tamay, with a bardine layer, in the second heat I took her to cover La Laguna with the dog named Felo, who had Juan Quevedo Martinón at home. Felo was dark bardine cloak, monsoon litter brother, fawn coat. Both dogs were brought by Juan Falcón de Gran Canaria (his native island), specifically from Vecindario. From the neighborhood came also, Tinto (from Demetrio Trujillo) and Moreno (from Pepito the lame), both black. What cross product were these dogs of prey? I have tried but I have not managed to find out. Did Felo and Monzón have any kind of relationship with Tinto and Moreno? I do not know, the truth is that they were from the same place and the same time.
From the litter of Tamay and Felo I selected for me Beneharo, Guama, and Guacimara, the three of dark bardine cape. I trained all three in obedience, guard, defense and attack. At two years of age, due to financial necessity, I sold Beneharo to Juan Fuentes Tavares. Juan was very fond of horses (he had several), country goats, carrier pigeons, fighting roosters, big game, and producing good red wine.
On one occasion - dead and Beneharo as an old man - my friend Tato García Estrada and I visited Juan Fuentes at his farm. He received us very cordially, as is natural in him, and he entertained us with a red wine from his harvest and soft cheese from his goats, and we talked about dogs, of course, and Beneharo. At one point, Juan's wife, with sorrow in her voice and eyes, said,>.
After Beneharo, Guama, and Guacimara, I have trained most of my prey, male and female, which have been many (and others I have also trained, although less, and most have not responded well to training, sad reality, consequence of the lack of a good selection).
At this point, it seems quite pertinent to talk about how, in my view, the Canarian Presa Dog should be trained for its own service.
After four months, I put a leather collar on the puppy so he can get used to feeling it on his neck, then tie it with a chain in any place, and in half an hour or so, I loose it so that play with me, like this for several days, I caress him from time to time, I speak to him in an affectionate tone, if he moves away a few meters from me I call him by his name, I whistle, always in the same tone, and I walk in the opposite direction to his , when he comes to my side I caress him again, I speak to him in an affectionate tone, and try to follow me with the scraper a few steps. I repeat this operation as many times as necessary in the course of training. I do not ask for more. And little by little I teach him to sit down, to lie down in a sphinx position, to remain still while I separate a couple of steps, then a few more steps, and so on, until he remains still, calm, relaxed. One minute, then two, three, etc. I repeat the exercises until the puppies understand what I want them to do. Walk at foot, sit, sphinx position, dead (lying on your side with your head on the ground, and do not move), get up to order, go to the call, caresses, and play. All very simple, no hurry. These exercises are basic and necessary for dog obedience.
I never throw balls or other objects at my dogs to run after them and bring them to me, because they are vitiated and obsessed, and then they run after anything thrown at by people who have nothing to do with them.
After eight or nine months I begin to test them on defense and attack (not before), and from the year I begin to work them, very carefully, without pressure, not to spoil them, twice a week, to give time to Memorize the work done. And when the evolution is frankly positive, that goes well to the sleeve and the suit under control with the scraper, we begin to practice the remote attack on a loose dog. This exercise is essential, and then continue with the search for the malefactor behind natural parapets, such as a tree, a wall, a car, etc., etc., changing with certain frequency of place. To prevent theft of a car, inside the car, from our own house, with a dog inside the house. From outside the animal is provoked, without tiring it. The sessions should be short. Very important is to change the figure frequently so that the dog distrusts any possible criminal.
It is very important to avoid falling into robotization, because in this case the dog loses initiative. We must bear in mind that we are working with our Canary Dam for obedience by conviction, not by robotization, and must guard, defend, attack, if necessary and as the case requires, prosecute the mock criminal without reservations or conditions.
For the purpose that I have just presented, the training called sports, or other similar ones, is not useful. Nor do all the canary dogs of prey. They serve the rustic, the mentally balanced, the temperamental, the instinctive, on their own initiative, the intelligent, able to discern in any situation. This type of prey dog is not a product of chance, as I said, and written, so many times, it is the product of a strict and well-targeted selection. That must be our ideal at all times.
Obviously not everyone is trained to train their own dog, for this reason it is advisable to put yourself in the hands of a good professional, with experience in this type of work.
It goes without saying that any dog trained in guard, defense, attack and persecution must be handled by adults and experienced. The Canarian Presa Dog should in no case be an exception.
Character of the Presa Canario
The Canarian Bulldog is a calm and balanced dog, very docile and loyal to its owner, although because of its strong instinct of guard dog it can be aggressive with strangers and has often been included in the category of potentially dangerous dogs.
However, if you have been well educated and socialized since you were a puppy, the Presa Canario will have no problem living together inside a house, with children or other dogs that may be under the same roof.
The most common is that the opposite happens and ends up developing a great affection as well as a marked protective instinct towards those who consider their peers. In fact, this dog is used as an effective defense weapon for women victims of gender violence.
In spite of all these innate virtues, it has to be conveniently educated from a puppy to ensure that its behavior is adequate within a home.
Physical characteristics of the Doge of the Canary Islands
The Presa Canario is a large dog that reaches a height of 60-65 meters and can weigh up to 60 kg or more, figures that are somewhat more modest in the case of females.
Its muscular complexion is very robust and compact, although for its size it is an incredibly agile dog. Its snout is short and the skin of the face forms a series of folds under the mouth and wrinkles on the forehead. He has brown eyes and droopy eyelids. Their ears, quite apart from each other, also fall on both sides of the face.
The hair of the Canary Bulldog is short and rough to the touch. The most common color for its fur is dark brown tabby, although it can also be silver gray or light brown. There is even a variety called “Presa Canario blanco”, although in reality its hair is sand-colored. Interestingly, all the puppies of the female litters of Presa Canario are born with different colors.
The life expectancy of these dogs, well fed and cared for, is around 12 years.
Everything you should know about the Presa Canario
The canary bulldog is considered a balanced and self-confident animal, which does not exempt him from being involved in the controversy surrounding the potentially dangerous dogs, whose list this breed belongs to.
As a family they are affectionate, obedient, intelligent, peaceful and calm. With the children they waste love, but it is necessary to bear in mind that, its great size, advises to teach the smallest of the house to live with him.
The Presa Canario is originally from the Islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, belonging to the Canarian Archipelago. Not surprisingly, the Government of the Canary Islands passed a law that granted it the privilege of being the symbol to which we have already alluded.
Legend has it that it is these islands that owe their name to the dog and not the other way around. This is explained because the race had lived in that area since its inception and also because the word "Can" is part of the name "Can-arias", which would support this thesis.
The numerous Majestic dog crosses with moly dogs which took place on the islands, gave rise to the canary prey dog. The objective of the breeders was to achieve a large dog, in the style of the bulldog, but that was endowed with the nerve, agility and capacity for work that characterized the majestic dog.
Already in the sixteenth century we found written references to this breed, which at that time was not defined and was still far from being recognized, as it did not have a uniform morphology.
His impressive capacity for work made the Canarian bulldog more and more popular. Excellent guardians of the house, property and herds, were also used as cattle dogs, oxen and cows.
The presence of Britons in the Canary Islands caused the breed to be defined in the 18th century, due to its deplorable taste for dog fights, which were dedicated to promoting.
They came with bull terrier and bulldog type dogs, to which they participated in such cruel events, in which local molosses and crossings between bull and bulldozer dogs also intervened. Therefore, the current Canarian prey dog has both the blood of the majestic islanders, and that of English molosoides dogs.
Dog fights know their peak in the early twentieth century, fortunately forbidding a few years later. Their illegalization came to coincide with the decline of traditional livestock, which made the Canarian bulldogs were on the verge of extinction.
In 1970, a certain local awareness about the worth of this breed is raised, which resulted in the beginning of the selection and breeding of certain specimens, ensuring the recovery and survival of these dogs.
Today this bulldog is famous in most countries of the world and the breed is recognized by different international canine clubs, among which the FCI, the UKC and the ACA stand out.
The training of a dog Presa Canario
In the case of the Presa Canario, a good education should start since you are a puppy of just three months, little by little and with a lot of patience. The longer we delay the start of the training process, the harder it will be.
First of all you have to habituate the dog to share its space with family members and other dogs or cats that may be at home. Otherwise, your guardian instinct will prevail and we will meet an aggressive dog that drives away visitors and, in the most extreme cases, a dangerous and ungovernable dog.
In the case of the Presa Canario, such a large dog with a strong character, it is often advisable for little skilled owners to resort to a professional canine trainer to establish the appropriate guidelines and exercises for your education. Once these mechanisms are established, training is not difficult as long as we are constant and firm.
Characteristics and physical features
With a height at the cross of between 58 and 64 centimeters and a weight that ranges between 50 and 59 kilos, her body It has a rectangular profile, more lake than tall ...
His ears They are of high implantation, hanging whenever they are complete. When they are cut, they become triangular and erect or semi-erect. Luckily, the current standard does not require them to be amputated, given the tendency to ban such inhuman practice in many places.
His neck He is very muscular and solid, rather short. On its lower edge it presents loose skin, which contributes to the formation of a double chin. Your top line It is straight and rises moderately from the cross to the rump. His chest It is wide and deep. Its flanks They are slightly picked up. It's tail It is of medium insertion, thick at the base, not exceeding the hock.
Recommended care for the breed
The canary prey is a dog that does not need care outside the normal. You just have to worry about bathing it occasionally and brushing your fur once a week to keep it in good condition, always being careful to use a soft comb so as not to damage your skin.
More important is to pay attention to your daily dose of exercise, which will have to be distributed in several walks of at least half an hour each to maintain a good muscle tone and release the accumulated tension.
You will also need an outdoor space to spend the day, a patio or garden. Because of its characteristics and especially its size, it is not a dog that adapts well to life in a flat or a small space dwelling.
Like all large dogs, the Cango Dogo can also be affected by the hip dysplasia and elbow when they reach a certain maturity, but in general, this is a very hard and healthy race.
Color and fur
His hair is short and usually rough and straight. The standard approved by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) for the breed says that the hair It must have some shade of brindle and also show black mask.
Certain white markings on the throat, chest, front feet and toes of the back are tolerated, but must be minimal. Other organizations have collected standards that allow solid black color.
You may have heard of what is known as "White canary dam". Actually this animal is not of such color. What happens is that there are colors that have been accepted in the FCI standard that do not become white, but they are much lighter than the conventional tabby brown that we usually see normally. The truth is that what they call "white" prey dogs are cream, sand or blond, with the typical dark mask on their snout.
The calm and balanced character is that of this breed and that should be presented by all its specimens, although it is known that sometimes certain individuals differ from the character of the rest. Apart and, how could it be otherwise, a determining factor for your temper to be much less reliable is fall into the hands of unscrupulous owners who are dedicated to enhancing their aggressiveness.
In this type of race, whose physical power is undeniable, acquires special importance early socialization of the puppy, because the owner must have clear reactions of this powerful dog at all times, which is only possible if the animal is properly integrated into its environment.
It goes without saying The wingspan of this dog does not make it suitable for first-time owners, without previous experience in the care and education of dogs and who do not know how to impose their character. They also have to have enough physical strength to control it, and this circumstance cannot be ignored.
This formidable dog, alert, brave and with an intense protective instinct towards his own, can not be treated as a lap dog and pretend that he spends much of the day lying in the living room, at the feet of his master.
They are rustic and resistant dogs, which are often distant with strangers and have some moderate exercise needs, since they do not become as tall as those of other races. It is phenomenal for his specimens to give a good daily walk to maintain good physical and mental health, which promotes balance.
The game likes these big guys so it is not advisable to spend too much time idle, because they could get bored, which would transform them into nervous, destructive, compulsive and aggressive animals.
Its enormous size acts as a conditioner when it comes to living in an apartment because the ideal for him is a house with a garden or a patio where you can expand freely all day, enjoying the outdoors and, if possible, the good weather.
The one that so many families now host as a companion dog, we have already indicated that it has been and still is now a serious employee in the tasks of protection and guard of cattle in front of thieves.
As a guard dog of the house is also priceless, given its alert and temperate character, along with its dissuasive size. On alert, the attitude he maintains is very firm. His guardian character is the same that makes him make the best of himself with the children of the family, playing and sharing fun moments with them.
Serene and attentive, your canine friend will become your perfect companion, thanks to the loyalty and loyalty of this dog. Proof of the above is that, who has had the opportunity to share his life with a canary bulldog, remains faithful to the breed.
Relationship with other pets
Pese a su impactante apariencia, este perro podrá convivir con otras mascotas, incluso de pequeño tamaño como puedan ser gatitos, pero para ello deberá haber sido convenientemente socializado de cachorro.
Ahora bien, su carácter territorial no invita a que comparta espacio con otros machos, pues va a tender a competir con ellos para establecer la jerarquía. El hecho de que quiera defender su territorio puede hacerle actuar de manera más brusca de lo normal.
Relationship with children
En líneas generales, pese a la mucha controversia que este tema genera, el presa canario es muy bueno con los niños, lo que se debe a que se trata de un perro extraordinariamente noble con su familia humana.
Enséñale desde cachorro a respetar a los niños, así como cuáles son los límites en el juego y tendrás un formidable compañero de aventuras para ellos. Sin embargo, de actuar con dejadez, te encontrarás con un perro gigante descontrolado, algo que no es recomendable para ninguna familia y mucho menos para una con niños.
Respecto a tus pequeños, acostúmbralos igualmente a que las mascotas son merecedoras de respeto, necesitan su espacio y no se las puede atosigar. No impidas con tu falta de actuación que la relación fluya por ambas partes.
La nutrición de un dogo canario es un concepto que no va a resultarte precisamente barato, lo que es una cuestión a valorar antes de decidirte a llevarlo contigo a casa. Un animal de este tamaño va a precisar grandes cantidades de comida cada día, en cuya compra no podrás escatimar.
Busca un pienso seco de calidad en el que los cereales no sean uno de sus componentes principales y, dado que es un can propenso a padecer torsión gástrica, reparte su alimento como mínimo en dos dosis diarias. En el caso de que no vayas a estar en casa a la hora prevista, puedes programar algún comedero automático al efecto.
La higiene de cualquier mascota es un factor elemental para el normal desarrollo de la convivencia. La del presa canario no resulta demasiado trabajosa para su familia, al no tratarse de un perro que precise ningún acicalado especial.
Presta especial atención a la higiene bucal de tu dogo canario y asegúrate así de que goce de una salud de hierro, pues resulta realmente sorprendente la cantidad de enfermedades caninas que se asocian a una boca con una deficiente higiene.
Acostumbra a tu querido amigo desde cachorro a un cepillado dental regular y estarás evitando que el sarro se deposite en sus dientes, disminuyendo de manera drástica sus posibilidades de padecer enfermedad periodontal y otras patologías cardíacas, renales y hepáticas.
Bath and drying
El pelo de esta raza está provisto de unos aceites naturales esenciales que podría llegar a perder en el caso de que decidieras bañarle demasiado a menudo. Por esta razón, la frecuencia del baño debe establecerse en 6-8 semanas o cuando empieces a notar que parece estar sucio.
Choose a champú específico para su tipo de pelo y no olvides que en invierno deberás usar agua templada para evitar resfriados innecesarios. Para ello también es importante que, una vez le hayas sacado de la bañera, le dejes sacudirse, retires todo el exceso de agua con una toalla y te armes de paciencia para utilizar el secador eléctrico a temperatura no muy elevada hasta que esté totalmente seco.
Otra opción, si el baño se convierte en toda un episodio no demasiado divertido, es la de acudir a un centro de estética canina donde, por un precio razonable, te devuelvan a tu mascota perfectamente en perfecto estado “de revista”.
Los sencillos cuidados que demanda el presa canario incluyen cepillarle una vez a la semana para retirar de su manto tanto el pelo muerto como los restos de suciedad que durante días se hayan ido acumulando.
Para hacerlo, podrás valerte de un peine blando de cerdas cortas, ya que su pelaje carece de doble capa, por lo que un cepillo metálico podría llegar a dañar su dermis. Aprovecha esos momentos para intimar con tu mascota, fortaleciendo el vínculo emocional entre ambos.
Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments
Respeta escrupulosamente el vaccination schedule que el veterinario establezca para tu perro de presa canario, si no quieres que este gran can resulte afectado por minúsculos microorganismos que pueden hacer verdaderos estragos en su salud, como virus y bacterias.
Por otra parte, no olvides combatir al mismo tiempo parásitos del estilo de virus, garrapatas y gusanos intestinales, colocando a tu mascota las antiparasitic pipettes and collars que puedes adquirir en establecimientos especializados.
More common diseases
En líneas generales puede decirse que el presa canario es un perro bastante sano que apenas tiene problemas de salud, lo que no significa que sus ejemplares, como los de cualquier otra raza canina, no puedan enfermar.
Entre las dolencias más habituales de este robusto can se encuentra la displasia de cadera y de codo, un grave padecimiento del desarrollo cuyos primeros síntomas pueden apreciarse en torno a los 5 o 6 meses de vida del cachorro.
Esta patología, que cuenta con un componente genético, es muy típica de los perros grandes, si bien en ella también pueden influir otra serie de factores como el sobrepeso. Es importante que sepas que podrá ser menos grave si es detectada precozmente, por lo que debes saber reconocerla.
The gastric torsion es otro de los males que aqueja a estos monumentales perros. También conocida como dilatación gástrica o hinchazón, este síndrome que se asocia con las razas grandes, en el que estómago llega a forzarse sobre su eje, puede tener consecuencias fatales para el animal.
The epilepsy tampoco es ajena a esta raza. Se trata de una enfermedad cuyos ataques alarman enormemente a los sufridos dueños y ante la que hay que saber actuar, siguiendo las pautas recomendadas por el veterinario.
El instinto natural del dogo canario tiende al orden, de manera que ante la falta de un dueño que sepa comportarse como un digno líder de la manada, este perro procurará asumir ese rol.
Un animal de estas características requiere un buen adiestramiento debido a su carácter territorial, enseñándole desde cachorro que tú como dueño eres el líder de la manada, que para él ahora no es otra que su familia humana. La debilidad no es un rasgo que vaya a aceptar en un líder por lo que lo idóneo es que no detecte en ti un comportamiento inestable o inseguro.
Piensa que a un perro con tanto poder como el que traemos entre manos no le va a valer un líder incoherente ni dubitativo. No muestres fisuras en tu comportamiento y, una vez que le hayas dado una orden o hayas tomado una decisión, muéstrate inflexible y coherente. Demuéstrale que eres el líder alfa que necesita y no solo contarás con su cariño sino también con su absoluto respeto.
Convierte a tu perro de presa canario en tu compañero incondicional aprovechando que este espectacular can es muy cariñoso y manso con las personas que conoce. Su energía le permitirá disfrutar de un entrenamiento rutinario con el que sacarás a relucir sus habilidades y podrás corregir sus fallos.
Deberás esperar a que el cachorro cumpla los seis meses de edad antes de comenzar con su entrenamiento físico y a darle órdenes más complicadas. Eso sí, con anterioridad habrás incorporado órdenes básicas en vuestro día a día y, en especial, en vuestros juegos, como pueda ser un “no” firme que le haga empezar a comprender cuáles son las acciones que no puede llevar a cabo.
Asegúrate de haber afianzado el vínculo afectivo con tu dogo canario antes de comenzar con el entrenamiento pues ello te va a permitir interpretar sus señales adecuadamente. Además en ese momento él ya confiará plenamente en ti, lo que hará que no oponga resistencia a aprender cosas nuevas. No pierdas de vista que este perro tiene fama de testarudo, por lo que tendrás que ser muy paciente para abordar su etapa de aprendizaje.
Desde pequeño deberás poner especial énfasis en comportamientos como que únicamente pueda jugar con los juguetes que tú le regales y no con el resto de objetos que encuentre por la casa o que sepa cuál es su comida y no te pida en la mesa mientras tú comes.
Sigue la actual tendencia de los adiestradores caninos y haz valer el positive reinforcement a la hora de adiestrar a tu noble amigo. Los perros son seres sensibles que rara vez pueden responder bien al castigo físico que incluían los estrictos métodos de aprendizaje tradicionales.
Haz feliz a tu presa canario premiándole siempre que actúe como tú deseas y restando importancia a aquellos comportamientos censurables, que irá corrigiendo gradualmente. Establecer un rewards system en el que no falten golosinas, así como halagos y mimos, le hará desear aprender y le complacerá más de lo que piensas.